The Interrogatives

1. The interrogative pronouns begin with e or ē. The interrogative adjective is yāva. Examples:

ಏನು ಬೇಕು?what is needed?
ನಿಮಗೇನು ಬೇಕು?what do you (pl.) want?
ಅದೇನು?what is that?
ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಏಕೆ ಬಂದೆ?why did you come here?
ಎಷ್ಟು?how much?
ಎಷ್ಟು ದೂರ ಹೋಗುತ್ತಿದ್ದೀರಿ?how far you (pl.) are going?
ಎಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತಿದ್ದೀರಿ?where are you (pl.) going?
ಹೇಗಿದ್ದೀರಿ?how are you?
ಯಾವನು?who (m. casual)?
ಯಾವಳು?who (f. casual)?
ಯಾರು?who (human)?
ಅವರು ಯಾರು?who are they?
ಅವಳು ಯಾರು?who is she?

2. The interrogative particle ā or ē is added at the end of the sentence.

ಅವರು ಈ ದಿನ ಬರುತ್ತಾರೆಯೇ?does he (polite) come today?
ನೀನು ಪುಸ್ತಕ ಓದುತ್ತೀಯಾ?do you read books?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಸ್ವಂತ ಊರು ಯಾವುದು? ಮಂಗಳೂರೇ ?which is your native place? Is it Mangalūru?

3. Other examples

ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಇದೆThat book is with me
ಆ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಇಲ್ಲThat book is not with me
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮನೆಗಳಿವೆThere are houses there
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮನೆಗಳಿಲ್ಲThere are no houses there
ಅವರು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆHe(honorific) is in the house
ಅವನು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿಲ್ಲHe is not in the house
ಅವನು ನಾಳೆ ಬರುತ್ತಾನೆHe will come tomorrow
ಅವನು ನಾಳೆ ಬರುವುದಿಲ್ಲHe will not come tomorrow
ಆ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ನನ್ನದುThat is my book
ಆ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ನನ್ನದಲ್ಲThat is not my book
ಅದು ಒಳ್ಳೆಯ ಊರುThat is a good village
ಅದು ಒಳ್ಳೆಯ ಊರಲ್ಲThat is not a good village

Kannada has a negative marker which is added to the verb. The negative verb is formed by adding illa to the infinitive or future.

ನಾನು ಇವತ್ತುಆಡುತ್ತೇನೆI will play today
ನಾನು ಇವತ್ತುಆಡುವುದಿಲ್ಲI will not play today
ಅವನು ನಡೆಯುತ್ತಾನೆHe walks
ಅವನು ನಡೆಯುವುದಿಲ್ಲHe does not walk
ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಬರುತ್ತೇನೆI will come tomorrow
ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಬರುವುದಿಲ್ಲI will not come tomorrow
ನಾನು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿದ್ದೆI was in the house
ನಾನು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿಇರಲಿಲ್ಲI was not be in the house
ನನಗೆ ಗೊತ್ತುI know
ನನಗೆ ಗೊತ್ತಿಲ್ಲI do not know

1. The negative imperative or prohibitive is formed by adding i and bēḍa (bēḍi in the plural).

ಕೆಲಸ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಮಾಡಿDo the work well
ಕೆಲಸ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಮಾಡಬೇಡಿDo not do the work well
ನಮ್ಮ ಮನೆಗೆ ಬಾCome to my (our) house
ನಮ್ಮ ಮನೆಗೆ ಬರಬೇಡDo not come to my (our) house

2. The negative adjectival participle is formed by adding ada to the verb.

ಅದು ಅವನು ಮಾಡದ ಕೆಲಸThat is a work not done by him
ಅವಳು ಓದದ ಪುಸ್ತಕThat is the book which is not read by her

Translate into Kannada.

1. I did not read that book.
2. She did not come to my house.
3. Do not laugh at me.
4. If you do not run, you cannot win.
5. He is not in the house.
6. If you do not tell him, he will not do.
7. They will not agree.
8. I did not run that day.
9. I do not eat banana.
10. Do not go away, read the book.
11. Why are you laughing?
12. Which is his native place?
13. What is your name?
14. How much is this?
15. I will come to your house tomorrow.
16. He can do the work.
17. She is a good girl.

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