The Future Tense

The future tense describes an action that will take place in the future. All the changes in the present tense take place in the future tense. It is to be noted that the future tense markers in Old and Medieval Kannada are no longer used in Modern Kannada except in literary writings, Examples:

ನಾನು ಮಾಡುವೆನುI will do
ನಾವು ಮಾಡುವೆವುWe will do
ನೀನು ಮಾಡುವೆYou (sing.) will do
ನೀವು ಮಾಡುವಿರಿYou (pl.) will do
ಅವನು ಮಾಡುವನುHe will do
ಅವಳು ಮಾಡುವಳುShe will do
ಅದು ಮಾಡುವುದುIt will do
ಅವು ಮಾಡುವುವುThey (neuter) will do

In modern Kannada, to specify the future meaning in the constructions of present tense, adverbs of time, such as ‘tomorrow’ are generally used in the sentences. Examples:

ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಪುಸ್ತಕಗಳನ್ನು ಕೊಂಡುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆI will buy the books tomorrow
ನೀವು ನಾಳಿದ್ದು ಹೋಗುತ್ತೀರಾ?Are you going day-after-tomorrow?
ಅವರು ಹಂಪಿಯಿಂದ ಬರುತ್ತಾರೆHe (respect) will come from Hampi
ಆಕೆ ಈ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ಓದುತ್ತಾಳೆShe will read this book
ಅವರು ಎರಡು ಹಾಡುಗಳನ್ನು ಹಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆThey will sing two songs
ಆ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ನಾಳೆ ಬರುತ್ತದೆThat book will arrive tomorrow
ಈ ಬಸ್ಸುಗಳು ನಾಳೆ ಚೆನ್ನೈ ತಲಪುತ್ತವೆThese busses reach Chennai tomorrow

The hortative verb in Kannada is used by adding the suffix dā. It will be in the first person plural (inclusive) and gives the meaning of the English ‘let us’. Examples:

ನಾವು ಹೋಗೋಣLet us go
ನಾವು ನಾಳೆ ಓದೋಣLet us read tomorrow
ನಾವು ಆ ಮೂವೀ ನೋಡೋಣLet us watch that movie
ನಾವೆಲ್ಲಾ ನಾಳೆ ಹಾಡೋಣLet all of us sing tomorrow

1. Use the future tense marker.

1.1. ಅವರು ನಾಳೆ .................. (ಬರು)
1.2. ಆಕೆ ನಾಳಿದ್ದು .................. (ಹಾಡು)
1.3. ನೀನು ನಾಳೆ .................. (ಹೋಗು)
1.4. ನಾಳೆ ಕೂಡ ಅವರು ಇಲ್ಲೇ .................. (ಇರು)
1.5. ಅವನು ಒಂದು ಮನೆಯನ್ನು .................. (ಕೊಂಡುಕೊಳ್ಳು)

2. Translate into Kannada:

2.1. I will write a book in English.
2.2. The train will arrive shortly.
2.3. You come tomorrow (pl.).
2.4. He will sing a song.
2.5. She will buy a book tomorrow.
2.6. They will ask two questions.
2.7. She will stay there for one day.
2.8. I will drink tea in that shop.
2.9. I will bring the book tomorrow.
2.10. They (neuter) will go to Hyderabad.
2.11. I will come to your house tomorrow.
2.12. She will read this book.

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